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The Call Of The Soil Solutions | The Call Of The Soil Question Answer 11th

The Call of the Soil Solution | The Call Of The Soil Question Answer 

The Call of the Soil Solution | The Call Of The Soil Question Answer 11th

ICE BREAKERS [PAGE 25]

Discuss the following with your partner and complete the following sentence.

Ice Breakers | Q 1. (a) | Page 25
Before eating apples brought from the market, I wash and peel them off ____________________.
Solution :
Before eating apples brought from the market, I wash and peel them off because the outer layer of the apple contains wax coating.

Ice Breakers | Q 1. (b) | Page 25
In a farmers’ market, we find _______________.
Solution :
In a farmers’ market, we find seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, etc.

Ice Breakers | Q 1. (c) | Page 25
Food adulteration means _________________.
Solution :
Food adulteration means the addition of other substances that degrade the quality of food.

Ice Breakers | Q 1. (d) | Page 25
Organic food is grown by using __________________.
Solution :
Organic food is grown by using organic seeds and traditional methods.

Ice Breakers | Q 1. (e) | Page 25
Organic fertilizer means ______________.
Solution :
Organic fertilizer means manure/plant compost.

Ice Breakers | Q 2 | Page 25
Complete the following web diagram.
Solution :

Ice Breakers | Q 3. (i) | Page 25
Find out from your grandparents or parents the names of vegetables and fruits they had eaten in their childhood and mention how the vegetables and fruits are different from the one's today.

Name of the vegetable or fruitShapeColourTaste
1.   
2.   
3.   
   
Solution :
Name of the vegetable or fruitShapeColourTaste
1. MangoRound, OvalYellowSweet
2. BananacurvedYellowless sweet, depending on the variety
3. PlumRound or Ovalreddish-purple, yellow, Redsweet to tart
4. Amlasphericallight-greenish yellowsour and bitter

Ice Breakers | Q 3. (ii) | Page 25
You might have learned about organic farming. Make groups and discuss the difference between conventional farming and organic farming and write it down.
Sr.No.Conventional FarmingOrganic Farming
1.  
2.  
3.  
   
Solution :
Sr.No.Conventional FarmingOrganic Farming
1.Pesticides may be used.Strict restrictions on the use of pesticides.
2.Fertilizers are used for better yield.Natural fertilizers are used.
3.Engineered methods for a quick harvest.Natural growth is encouraged.
4.Gradually deteriorates the fertility of soil and crop yield.Improves the fertility of the soil.

BRAINSTORMING [PAGES 31 - 34] 

Read the extract and state whether the following statement is true or false. Correct the false statement.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (i) (a) | Page 31
Growing in abundance is more important than the quality of the crop.
True
False
Solution :
Growing in abundance is more important than the quality of the crop - False.
Explanation:
According to the author, the quality of the crop is more important than its quantity.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (i) (b) | Page 31
The author wanted to grow the desi variety of rice.
True
False
Solution :
The author wanted to grow the desi variety of rice - True.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (i) (c) | Page 31
The author did not succeed in finding Kasbai.
True
False
Solution :
The author did not succeed in finding Kasbai - False.
Explanation:
The author succeeded in finding Kasbai but with great difficulty.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (i) (d) | Page 31
The aroma of the ‘desi’ rice would spread around the village.
True
False
Solution :
The aroma of the ‘desi’ rice would spread around the village - True.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (i) (e) | Page 31
Newer hybrid crops have a great appetite for chemicals.
True
False
Solution :
Newer hybrid crops have a great appetite for chemicals. - True.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (i) (f) | Page 31
The author is an example of ‘reverse migration’.
True
False
Solution :
The author is an example of ‘reverse migration’ - True.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (ii) | Page 31
Complete the flow chart. Consider this as an example of Note-Making.
Solution :
https://www.shaalaa.com/question-bank-solutions/complete-the-flow-chart-consider-this-as-an-example-of-note-making-writing-skill_167274#ref=chapter&id=140140

Fill in the blank

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (iii) (a) | Page 32
The author wanted to grow ______________.
Solution :
The author wanted to grow organic moong.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (iii) (b) | Page 32
Moru Dada wanted to spray __________ on the moong crop.
Solution :
Moru Dada wanted to spray pesticides on the moong crop.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (iii) (c) | Page 32
Baban’s father and some elders mentioned the name of __________.
Solution :
Baban’s father and some elders mentioned the name of Kasbai.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (iii) (d) | Page 32
“Hybrids need more _____________”, said Devu Handa.
Solution :
“Hybrids need more water, fertilizers, and pesticides”, said Devu Handa.

Brainstorming | Q (A1) (iii) (e) | Page 32
The author bought _______________ kilos of rice from an Adivasi woman who lived in remote hills.
Solution :
The author bought ten kilos of rice from an Adivasi woman who lived in remote hills.

Brainstorming | Q (A2) (i) | Page 32
List the reactions of the agricultural officer to the author’s inquiry about Kasbai rice seeds. One is done for you.
(a) He had not heard of Kasbai.
(b) ___________________________
(c) ___________________________
Solution :
1. He had not heard of kasbai rice seeds.
2. He uttered the names of latest hybrids.
3. He also offered to give the author some hybrid seeds free of cost.

Brainstorming | Q (A2) (ii) | Page 32
Go through the text once again and note down Devu Handa’s fond memories of Kasbai in your exercise book. One is done for you.
Devu Handa has fond memories of Kasbai. They are as follows!
(a) It needs ______________ rain.
(b) _________________
(c) _________________
Solution :
It needs less rain.
It has an alluring aroma.
It is a long duration of rice.

Brainstorming | Q (A3) (i) | Page 32
The writer says he grew ‘an awful lot of moong’. Explain the word 'awful' in this sentence.
Solution :
The word 'awful' in this context means 'a large amount.'

Brainstorming | Q (A3) (ii) | Page 32
The word scent is different from its synonyms aroma, fragrance, or perfume. Explain how the word 'scent' in the subtitle ‘Scent of the Rice’, has a deeper meaning than ‘perfume’ or ‘fragrance’. Tick phrases having a similar meaning from the following:
  1. In pursuit of
  2. To smell a rat
  3. To be keen
  4. On the trail of
  5. To feel under the weather
Solution :
The word 'scent' in the title 'Scent of the Rice', carries a feeling within itself. It suggests a sense of belongingness. Also, it refers to the tracing of smell and hence, it is different from its synonyms 'perfume' and 'fragrance' in this context.
The phrases having a similar meaning are:
in pursuit of
on the trail of

(i) She muttered in reply and we looked at Jeevan for a quick interpretation.
(ii) These are two complete sentences underlying the above sentence.
  1. She muttered in reply.
  2. We looked at Jeevan for a quick interpretation.
  3. These two sentences are put together by using the coordinating conjunction ‘and’.
  4. Such sentences are joined by coordinating conjunctions (and/ but/ either...or; neither...nor) are called compound sentences.
  5. Sentence ‘a’ and ‘b’ are Simple Sentences.
  6. Each of them has only one subject and one predicate.
  7. Sentence ‘a’ and ‘b’ can be written in another way.
  8. As she muttered in reply, we looked at Jeevan for a quick interpretation.
  9. This sentence begins with a subordinating conjunction ‘As’.
  10. This is a complex sentence.
  11. Two simple sentences joined by subordinate conjunctions are called complex sentences. The subordinate conjunction need not always be at the beginning of the sentence.

Brainstorming | Q (A4) | Page 33
Make pairs and groups and find out some more simple, complex, and compound sentences from the text.
Solution :
Simple – It was April 2004.
Compound – It was just before sunrise and the sky was turning a bright orange.
Complex – I stood watching the sunrise above the towering trees across the fence and slowly made my way back to the house, a white structure in the middle of this greenery.

Brainstorming | Q (A4) | Page 33
Prepare a list of subordinating conjunctions.
Solution :
but, and, than, that, which, when, who, as much as, etc.

Brainstorming | Q (A5) (i) | Page 33
Planting and growing more crops a year seems to be progressed by normal standards, but the chapter makes a case against it. Give reasons.
Solution :
According to normal standards, growing more crops a year is indeed progressive but the chapter makes a case against it because, in the name of progress, we are being fed hybrid crops and adulterated food items. We are inching towards illnesses and poor health with pesticide infested products and artificial agricultural enhancers. This will only lead to health risks.

Brainstorming | Q (A5) (ii) | Page 33
Describe in about 150 words your experience similar to the writer’s when you pursued something and reached your goal.
Solution :
I wanted to pursue Warli painting classes, but could not find any professional artist near my residence to coach me. I looked for online classes but failed in that attempt too. I asked my friends to check near their residential areas in and around Mumbai, still I failed to gather any positive news. Finally, one fine morning, while I was travelling back from college, I met a middleaged lady who was carrying a handbag with Warli artwork on it. I was instantly drawn to that bag and she noticed my expression. She ended up asking me about my interest in her bag. I was embarrassed at first but then told her about my love for Warli painting. She had a smile on her face. She told me that she belonged to Palghar district and that her forefathers dealt in that art. My happiness knew no bounds when at last, I got to know that I could take classes from her, starting from the upcoming Sunday.

Brainstorming | Q (A5) (iii) | Page 33
The writer goes in search of an invaluable indigenous variety of seeds. List three reasons for the importance of keeping records of our indigenous agricultural practices.
Solution :
The following are the reasons for keeping records of our indigenous agricultural practices:
to compare traditional farming practices with conventional farming.
to compare the fertility of land after each harvest that has been done using modern technology.
to maintain and safeguard agricultural productivity based on utility.

Brainstorming | Q (A5) (iv) | Page 33
Write a blog in about 100 to 150 words on organic farming.
Solution :


Brainstorming | Q (A5) (v) | Page 34
Write a short paragraph in about 120 words, to be used as Counter-View for the following topic. 'Buy a bigger cloth for your coat'.

View Section:
  • We cannot survive by the dictum 'Cut your cloth according to your coat' in today's world.
  • In the modern world, we should 'Think Big'.
  • Think of increasing your income instead of reducing your needs.
  • We can not deny ourselves, what the new world offers us.
  • Solution :
  • We should always wear what fits our size, nothing more; nothing less. Thinking big is the need of the hour; not wearing bigger clothes! To think big doesn't just mean to live a king-size life and waste money on luxuries. Thinking big in rational terms means thinking for others too. Reducing your daily needs, cutting down on luxuries, and focusing on basic requirements will help take care of other‟s needs. Not just that, it will help to save resources for the use of future generations. The new world has a lot to offer, but we should know the limit and draw a line where our needs meet and our greed ends. This will only pave way for a happy and fulfilling life.

Brainstorming | Q (A5) (vi) | Page 34
'Organic farming is the need of the time'. Write your views in favour of and against the statement.

ViewsCounterviews
1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 

Solution :
 Views Counterviews
1.Organic farming uses natural methods of growing food and is hence safe.1.Organic farming focuses on quality rather than quantity; which ensures a healthy lifestyle for the people.
2.Organic produce is free of any chemical/pesticide and is therefore healthy for us.2.Organic farming is solely based on traditional methods whereas the seasonal changes and weather conditions nowadays require modern ways of farming for greater scale production.
3.Organic farm produce is grown using manure and plant compost rather than other chemical fertilisers and thereby reduces the risk of cancer.3.Based on the ever-decreasing fertility of the soil, chemically enhanced fertilisers are required for better growth of the crops.
4.Organic farming helps improve the soil‟s fertility, which helps to grow other crops.4.With an increase in the number of pest attacks and a constant rise in the consumption of food; protecting the crops against pests becomes crucial, which calls for the use of pesticides with upgraded strength.

Brainstorming | Q (A5) (vii) | Page 34
Appeal your classmates to say 'No to Junk Food'. Write an appeal to prefer organic food over junk food.
Solution :


Brainstorming | Q (A6) (i) | Page 34
Plant the seed of a flower or fruit of your choice in a pot or in your garden. Note its growth every day and maintain a diary recording its progress.
Solution :
Students are expected to attempt the above activities on their own.

Brainstorming | Q (A6) (ii) | Page 34
Find out more career opportunities in the field of agriculture, organic farming, sales, storage, distribution, and marketing research.

Educational qualificationsJob opportunitiesWork Profile
1.  
2.  
3.  
4.  
Solution :
Students are expected to attempt the above activities on their own. 

The Call of the Soil Solution | The Call Of The Soil Question Answer 

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The Call of the Soil Notes

Venkateshwaran (Venkat) Iyer : Born in 1966, Venkateshwaran (Venkat) Iyer is a science graduate and a certified project management professional. He last worked with IBM in Mumbai as a project manager for software implementation. After seventeen years in the IT industry, he quit in 2004 to live on his organic farm in Peth village in Dahanu Taluka, Palghar District, Maharashtra. His book 'Moong over Microchips' traces his transition from techie to farmer, over a period of 15 to 17 years. "It was not a career change, but a life style change I was looking for," he says about his decision to shift to the quieter environs of a village. He insisted on practising organic farming from the outset. He was resolute inspite of numerous challenges which he faced. Today not only does he deliver lectures on organic farming, but also has joined hands with organic farmers and NGOs working in the organic field to propagate organic farming to "ensure that the land at least is not ravaged while they try to make a living out of agriculture."


The Call of the Soil A Scent of Rice

The First Crop It was April 2004. I stood in the middle of the lush green field of moong (green gram) and looked around me. It was just before sunrise and the sky was turning a bright orange. The ground was damp and the leaves were shining with dew. My bare feet were muddy as I walked around gingerly, inspecting the plants. Around me were rows of chikoo trees and below a dense foliage of moong. At that point, I could not have asked for anything more. The moong plants, not more than two feet tall, had green pods hanging out. 

 The pods were not yet ripe and there was a light fuzz growing on them. There was still some time before the harvest. I felt exhilarated. I stood watching the sun rise above the towering trees across the fence and slowly made my way back to the house, a white structure in the middle of this greenery. I could not believe that I was the owner of this land and that I was looking at my first crop as

a farmer. After I had paid the advance money for the land, I thought I would have some time to get familiar with farming. But Moru Dada, the broker who got us the land, had other ideas. He was keen that we plant moong at once. I was not prepared for this. I was still reading books and trying to figure out what we could sow and how we should go about it. 

Moru Dada was quite firm. He said the season was right for sowing moong and the best seeds were available in Surat in the adjacent state of Gujarat. I made a quick trip to Surat and bought around 10 kilograms of moong. Moru Dada rented his tractor to plough the land and quickly planted moong all over the place. A few days later, we were overjoyed to see tiny green leaves.

 I had never seen moong growing before and was thrilled at the sight. It was the same thrill I had felt as a young boy when I saw the first of the hibiscus I had planted bloom at the Railway Quarters in Vile Parle in Mumbai. I was grateful to have taken Moru’s advice. The next thing Moru Dada wanted to do was spray some pesticide on the plants. He claimed that it would give a higher yield. This was something we did not want to do. We were clear that we would not use any chemicals and tried to explain it to him. 

He reacted as if we had suggested hara-kiri. It took a lot of convincing to ensure that Moru Dada and his friends did not use any chemicals on the farm. They refused to understand how crops could grow without sprays. Contrary to what everyone had told us, nature did her job and she needed no bribes to get the work done. Soon it was harvest time and we managed a respectable 300 kilograms. 

An awful lot of moong and with it a lot of confidence. Now I was certain the land was fertile and that it was possible to grow crops without chemicals. It was a major morale booster. The Scent of Rice The first year I was late for the rice-sowing season and had to resort to growing the GR4 variety that

was short term and recommended by the agricultural officers at Kosbad. The next year we decided that we would start early and try to find some good traditional variety of rice to grow. We had read about traditional varieties of rice and knew that they did not require very high inputs of fertilizers. These varieties were also quite strong and resisted pests. We were sure that it was this type of rice that would grow well in our farm where we did not use any chemicals at all. 

Our previous year’s experience and low yield had taught us a lesson and we were sure we would not plant hybrids this year. In April 2005, we started to look for a good variety of traditional rice. It was one of our neighbours in the village, a businessman from Mumbai who owned land, who suggested that we plant a local scented variety of rice. Most of the farmers in and around the village of Peth had switched over to hybrids. 

The younger generation of farmers thought I was crazy to ask for the ‘desi’ variety, as they called it. My regular visits to the villages around searching for a good traditional variety also did not yield any results and we were almost giving up hope. I decided to give it one last try and spoke to Baban’s father and some other elders. After many meaningful conversations, they mentioned the name of Kasbai. Kasbai is a traditional long-grained rice variety which has a distinct aroma, though much milder than Basmati. 

It’s a long-duration crop and most of the older people remembered growing it years ago. But they all shook their heads when I asked them about the seeds and told me that it had ‘disappeared’. The tales of Kasbai made us more determined to get it. We decided that if we did manage to get some seeds this would be a great rice to grow. 

I thought the government may know something about it. A visit to the agricultural officer was enlightening. He had not even heard of this rice variety. He said the villagers were taking me for a ride and there was no rice by 

this name. He rattled off the names of a number of latest hybrids and even offered to give me some of them free of cost for a trial. Cursing myself for wasting time with him I moved on to the next destination. This time it was the Adivasi Mahamandal at Kasa which buys rice from the Adivasi villagers on behalf of the government. Kasbai did not figure in their files. A good indication why people did not grow it any more. The market itself did not recognize the rice, so if you grew it you would not be able to sell it. 

 However, the officer incharge here had more knowledge of rice and did remember Kasbai being sold to him a few years ago. So when I in Dhanivari, Baban and I started looking for Devu Handa and found a greying old man wearing a cap, sitting outside his house on a charpoy. An ex-sarpanch of the village, he had acres of land, a huge house and a large family. After exchanging the usual pleasantries we came to the topic of Kasbai. 

 The mere mention of Kasbai and Devu Handa drifted into the past. His eyes turned dreamy and with a tremble in his voice he told us how the entire village at one time grew only Kasbai. He said, “There was a time when people passing our village during lunchtime would be forced to stop and ask for a meal. Such was the alluring aroma of Kasbai.” 

The entire area would have this heady aroma hanging in the air as all the houses cooked the same rice. Today, he said, no one grew Kasbai and everyone had shifted to growing the new hybrid varieties. He claimed he had to force himself to eat this rice that was so insipid! With the advent of irrigation, farmers were tempted to grow a second crop and Kasbai, being a longduration rice, was replaced by the shorter duration hybrids so that the harvest could be done earlier. 

This ensured that the farmers could take up a second crop. I asked why he had shifted if he was so unhappy with the hybrids. No one forced him to, did they? He smiled and replied that their fields did not have fences and once the harvest was over the cattle were released 

into the fields. ‘If my field alone has Kasbai it will be a treat for the cattle,’ he explained. ‘Sometimes, we have to fall in line with the community,’ he lamented. Hybrids need more water, fertilizers and pesticides. He said that yields were good initially but of late, had reduced a lot. Besides he said that each year they had to increase the quantity of urea and pesticides they used. 

It was as if the newer hybrids had an insatiable appetite for chemicals. He told us that even when there were flash floods in the sixties, Kasbai had stood its ground. He fondly remembered how the rice was still standing when they all returned to the village after the floods had receded. ‘Such was the strength of the rice. 

But look what we have done,’ he rued. As he went on reminiscing about the rice, we gently guided him back to the reason for our visit, the Kasbai seeds. He was sure that there was not a single villager in his area who would have the seeds of Kasbai. According to him, the only people who still grew it were the Adivasis in a hamlet at the foothills of the mountains in the next village Asarvari. We bid farewell to Devu Handa who lovingly blessed us and said, 

‘Mahalaxmi, the local Goddess, will give you the seeds of Kasbai.’ In Asarvari village, we asked the sarpanch to help us as we were not very fluent with the local dialect. 

 He sent his assistant Jeevan with us into the hills. After a half-hour walk through thick vegetation, crossing numerous streams and ditches and scrambling over rocks and gravel, we reached the sleepy hamlet of Boripada. There were just two ramshackle houses in front of us and we wondered if this was the right place. 

A wrinkled old woman sitting before one of the houses looked at us with curiosity. As we approached her we signalled to Jeevan to ask the crucial question. She muttered in reply and we looked at Jeevan for a quick interpretation. He broke into a smile and informed us that she did have the rice and wanted

It was a difficult task to keep a straight face and I had to control a strong desire to hug her. After searching for months, we had found the elusive Kasbai. We explained to her that we were from Peth nearby and we needed the seeds to grow it. We asked for 10 kilograms of rice. She muttered and scowled. Jeevan interpreted that she had never heard of Peth village and also did not have a weighing scale. 

She was willing to give the seeds only in baskets. We asked for a single basket of rice and Jeevan told us to pay her something. I handed over a 100-rupee note and for the first time in the last ten minutes, her face broke into a smile. She nodded her head in approval. 

As we walked back, against the fading sunset, leaving behind a smiling old lady, I couldn’t help but wonder that here, nestling in the foothills of an unknown mountain away from the hustle and bustle of the road or the city, were the real people of India. 

 These were the people who still held on to the rich biodiversity of our land and no one even cared about them. They had never heard of hybrids, fertilizers or pesticides. They just grew their rice and ate what they got. The old lady we met had probably never left Boripada. Her world was unspoilt by ‘progress’. And for once I was grateful for that 

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