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CBSE Class 10 Science MCQ Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations with Answers

CBSE Class 10 Science MCQ Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations with Answers



CBSE Class 10 Science MCQ Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations with Answers

Question 

Q1) Sodium and chlorine are reacted and as a result, sodium chloride is formed which is also called table salt. What option gives the reactants and products of the reaction?


(a) reactants – sodium; products – chlorine

(b) reactants – sodium and table salt; products – chlorine

(c) reactants – tables salt; products – sodium and chlorine

(d) reactants – sodium and chlorine; products – sodium chloride


Question

Q2) Which of the following reactions can also be termed as thermal decomposition reaction?

(a) Combination Reaction

(b) Decomposition Reaction

(c) Displacement reaction

(d) Double displacement reaction

 

Question

Q4) A student performs an experiment to form aluminium chloride from aluminium and chlorine. Which options give the chemical equation of the reaction?


(a) Al + Cl2 → AlCl2

(b) 2Al + Cl2 → 2AlCl

(c) 2Al + 3Cl2 → 2AlCl3

(d) 3Al + 3Cl2 → 3AlCl3

 

Question

Q5. Give the ratio in which hydrogen and oxygen are present in water by volume.


(a) 1:2

(b) 1:1

(c) 2:1

(d) 1:8

 

Question

Q6) A researcher adds barium hydroxide to hydrochloric acid to form a white-colored barium chloride. Which option gives the balanced chemical equation of the reaction?


(a) HCl + Ba(OH)2 → BaCl2 + 2HOH


(b) 2HCl + Ba(OH)2 → BaCl2 + 2HOH


(c) 2HCl + Ba(OH)2 → BaH2 + 2HCl + O2


(d) HCl + 2Ba(OH) → 2BaCl2 + 2HOH + O2

 



Question 

Q7. One of the following processes does not involve a chemical reaction, that is:


(a) Melting of candle wax when heated


(b) Burning of candle wax when heated


(c) Digestion of food in your stomach


(d) Ripening of banana


Question

Q8) A student writes a chemical equation of the reaction between carbon monoxide and hydrogen.


CO2 + 2H2 → CH3OH


How can the reaction be classified?


(a) The reaction is an example of a combination reaction as a compound separates into two compounds.


(b) The reaction is an example of a decomposition reaction as a compound dissociates into two compounds.


(c) The reaction is an example of a combination reaction as two compounds react to form a single compound.


(d) The reaction is an example of a decomposition reaction as two compounds react to form a single compound.

 

Question


Q9) The chemical formula of magnesium oxide is?


(a) MgO2


(b) Mg2O


(c) MgO


(d) Mg(OH)2

 

Question

Q10) A student learns that some products are formed as a result of combining two compounds while some compounds are formed as a result of dissociation of two compounds. The image shows two reactions.


CBSE Class 10 Science MCQ Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations-3


Which reaction is an example of a combination reaction and a decomposition reaction?


(a) both the reactions are examples of combination reaction


(b) both the reactions are examples of a decomposition reaction


(c) reaction P is an example of a combination reaction while reaction Q is an example of a decomposition reaction


(d) P is an example of a decomposition reaction while reaction Q is an example of a combination reaction

 

Question

Q11) From the following which one is the example of chemical reaction?


(a) Grapes get fermented


(b) Breakdown of food


(c) Formation of curd


(d) All of the above

 



Question 

Q12) A student adds lead and silver to two different test tubes containing an equal amount of copper sulphate solution. The student observes that the color of the solution in the test tube with lead changes. What explains the change in the colour of the solution?


(a) A displacement reaction takes place as lead replaces copper from the solution.


(b) A combination reaction takes place as lead combines with sulphate in the solution.


(c) decomposition reaction takes place as copper dissociates from sulphate in the solution.


(d) A double displacement reaction takes place as copper dissociates from sulphate and lead combines with sulphate in the solution.



Question

Q13) Which of the reactions is used in black and white photography?


(a) Combination Reaction


(b) Decomposition Reaction


(c) Displacement reaction


(d) Oxidation reaction

 

Question

Q14) What happens when lead nitrate reacts with potassium iodide?


(a) They will not react


(b) Large amount of hydrogen release


(c) Yellow ppt of lead iodide and potassium nitrate will be produced


(d) Evolution of gas will occur

 

Question

Q15) The chemical reaction between potassium chloride and silver nitrate is given by the chemical equation.


AgNO3 + KCl → AgCl + KNO3


What can be inferred from the chemical equation?


(a) silver nitrate and potassium undergo a decomposition reaction to form silver chloride and potassium nitrate


(b) silver nitrate and potassium undergo a displacement reaction to form silver chloride and potassium nitrate


(c) silver nitrate and potassium undergo a combination reaction to form silver chloride and potassium nitrate


(d) silver nitrate and potassium undergo double displacement reaction to form silver chloride and potassium nitrate

 

Question

Q16. Which of the following does show an oxidation reaction?


(a) Gain of oxygen


(b) Loss of oxygen


(c) Gain of hydrogen


(d) None of the above

 


Question 

Q17) The image shows a reaction between zinc and hydrogen.


CBSE Class 10 Science MCQ Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations-4


Which option shows oxidation?


(a) Zn → Zn+2


(b) 2H+ → H2


(c) Zn+2 → Zn


(d) H2 → 2H+


  • CBSE Class 10 Science MCQ Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations
  • Chemical Reaction and Equation Class 10 MCQ
  • CBSE Class 10 Science MCQ Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations with Answers

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