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History Of Novel 12th Class Question Answer | History of novel 12th exercise

History Of Novel 12th Class Question Answer | History of novel 12th exercise

History Of Novel 12th Class Question Answer | History of novel 12th exercise

1. Match the columns:

Question - 1. Match the columns:

AB
1. Murasaki Shikibu(a) Cervantes
2. Novella(b) Bankimchandra Chattopadhyaya
3. Don Quixote(c) Tale of Genji
4. Rajmohan’s Wife(d) New

Answer:

AB
1. Murasaki Shikibu(c) Tale of Genji
2. Novella(d) New
3. Don Quixote(a) Cervantes
4. Rajmohan’s Wife(b) Bankimchandra Chattopadhyaya
 

2. Pick out the odd element from each group:

Question - [i] Arun Joshi, Vikram Seth, Graham Greene, Kiran Nagarkar
Solutions :
Graham Greene [Graham Greene was an English novelist; the others are Indian writers]

Question - [ii] Place, Period, Theme, Climate, Lifestyle
Solutions :
Theme [the others are aspects of the setting]

Question - [iii] Theme, Plot, Character, Novella
Solutions :
Novella [‘Novella’ is a ‘novel’; the others are the elements of a novel]

3. Complete the following statements:

Question - 1. Complete the following statements:

Solutions :
[i] The two types of conflicts that the plot may have are internal [inside the mind of the character] or external [with other characters or entities].
[ii] The word ‘picaresque’ is originated from the Spanish word ‘picaro,’ which means a rogue.
[iii] The epistolary novel presents the narrative through a series of correspondence or other documents like letters or diary entries.
[iv] In the eighteenth century, the middle class could get the time for reading and discussing the novels because the spread of machines helped them in their work and could provide them with some spare time.
 

4. Write short notes on:

Question - 1. Write short notes on:

[i] Style of the novel
[ii] Stream of consciousness novel
[iii] Novella
[iv] Indian tradition of novels.
Solutions :
[i] Style of the novel: The language and the techniques used by the author for the narration of the course of events is known as the ‘style’. An author can use extensive vocabulary and difficult phrases or he may be brief and could write only to the point or he may mix both according to the requirement of his story. He may use linguistic devices like figures of speech to make the narrative effective. All these factors decide the ‘texture’ of the narration and create an impact on the readers.

[ii] Stream of consciousness novel: The phrase ‘Stream of consciousness’ means the flow of thoughts in the minds of the characters. This phrase was coined by William James in his treatise ‘Principles of Psychology.’ [1890]. In such a novel, incidents in the plot are in the sequence of their occurrence. The novelist narrates them just as they occur in the minds of the characters. Sometimes they do not make sense; but they truthfully represent the thoughts without any censoring or editing.

[iii] Novella: The word ‘Novella’ which means new is originated from the Italian word ‘novelle’. A Novella is a type of prose fiction which is shorter than a full length novel and longer than short stories. It is a well-structured yet short narrative, often satiric or realistic in tone. Novella usually focuses on one incident or issue with one or two main characters and takes place at a single location. Given below are some of the famous novellas in English:

  • ‘The Heart of Darkness’ by Joseph Conrad
  • ‘The Turn of the Screw’ by Henry James
  • ‘Billy Budd’ by Hermann Melville
  • ‘Death in Venice’ by Thomas Mann
  • ‘Seize The Day’ by Saul Bellow
  • ‘Pearl’ by John Steinbeck
[iv] Indian tradition of novels: Indians have also played a major role in the writing of English Novels. ‘Rajmohan’s Wife’, by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya was the first novel in English written by an Indian. The period after that is marked by a few more navels written by Indian writers. These novels were based on either nationalistic virtues or social issues. Mulkraj Anand, R.K. Narayan and Raja Rao were the major trio who prevailed in the period after that.

Novelists like Anita Desai, Nayantara Sahgal, Arun Joshi and Manohar Malgaonkar changed the current of Indian English novel through their works. Amitav Ghosh, Vikram Seth and Upamanyu Chatterjee improved upon the Indian novel in English by adding new features to it. In recent years, Indian novelists like Salman Rushdie, Arvind Adiga, Arundhati Roy, Kiran Desai and Kiran Nagarkar have come into the limelight. The tradition of the Indian English novel has undergone a vital change since its birth and has undoubtedly a very bright future.

- History Of Novel 12th Class Question Answer

Question - 1. Pick out the statements that are False. Rewrite them correctly:

1. Setting describes the behaviour of the characters in the story.
2. The main character in the story is referred to as the ‘novella’.
3. The struggle between the opposite forces in the story is called ‘conflict.’
4. Theme is the central idea in the novel which can be expressed in a nutshell.
5. The plot and character are affected due to the setting.
6. ‘Plot’ is the narrative style of the author.
Solutions :
False statements:
1. Setting describes the behaviour of the characters in the story.
2. The main character in the story is referred to as the ‘novella’.
6. ‘Plot’ is the narrative style of the author.

Corrected statements:
1. Characterization describes the behaviour of the characters in the story.
2. The main character in the story is referred to as the ‘protagonist’.
6. Plot is the course of events that make up the theme.

Question - 2.Rewrite the following statements in chronological order:

1. Mulkraj Anand, R.K. Narayan and Raja Rao were the major trio who prevailed in the period after that.
2. The novel originated as the literary form in England.
3. Indian novelists like Arvind Adiga, Arundhati Roy and Kiran Desai have dazzled with their writing.
4. Many stalwart novelists such as Charles Dickens, Walter Scott became famous.
Solutions :
2. The novel originated as the literary form in England.
4. Many stalwart novelists such as Charles Dickens, Walter Scott became famous.
1. Mulkraj Anand, R.K. Narayan and Raja Rao were the major trio who prevailed in the period after that.
3. Indian novelists like Arvind Adiga, Arundhati Roy and Kiran Desai have dazzled with their writing.

Question - 3. List the types of novels.

Solutions :
The types of novels are: Realistic
Novel, Picaresque Novel, Historical
Novel, Epistolary Novel, Gothic Novel, Autobiographical Novel, Allegorical Novel, Utopian/Dystopian Novel, Psychological Novel, Stream of Consciousness Novel, Bildungsroman Novel.

Question - 4. Choose the correct options from the brackets and fill in the blanks :

Solutions :
1. The characters in the Realistic novel interact with other characters and undergo plausible and everyday experiences. [Realistic/Utopian]
2. A Picaresque novel narrates the adventures of the protagonist, who is an eccentric or a disreputable person, in an episodic form. [Picaresque/Realistic]
3. The Dystopian novel is about an imaginary community or society possessing the ideal qualities. [Dystopian/Picaresque]
4. In the Stream of Consciousness novel, the novelist narrates the character’s thoughts as they enter the mind of the character. [Stream of Consciousness/ Utopian]
5. The Bildungsroman novel is a fictional biography or autobiography which is concerned with the growth of the protagonist’s mind, spirit and character from childhood to adulthood. [Bildungsroman/Gothic]
6. The Gothic novel includes terror, mystery, horror, thriller, supernatural, doom, death or decay or haunted buildings. [Dystopian/Gothic]
 

Glossary:

  1. genre – a style, especially in the arts, that involves a particular set of characteristics,
  2. embellishing – decorating.
  3. adopted – followed,
  4. precursor – something that happened or existed before another thing,
  5. profoundly – deeply,
  6. elite – upper class.
  7. aspirations – ambitions, desires,
  8. encompass – include,
  9. plenteous – plentiful,
  10. stalwart – [here] a person who has achieved great recognition and appreciation,
  11. innovative – new and original,
  12. pageant – a colourful or impressive procession of people.
  13. ameliorate – to make something better,
  14. dazzling – shining.
  15. satiric – sharp or sarcastic.
  16. interweaving – combining; twisting together,
  17. thumbnail sketch – brief description,
  18. antagonist – a person who is opposed to the hero,
  19. laconic – short and crisp.
  20. plausible – believable,
  21. eccentric – peculiar; crazy; out-of-the-way.
  22. disreputable – not respectable.
  23. speculative – unproven, unreal,
  24. extraterrestrial – of or from outside the earth or its atmosphere.
  25. amateur – inexperienced; unprofessional.

History Of Novel 12th Class Question Answer | History of novel 12th exercise

The eighteenth century has gifted English literature two entirely new forms which are without any traces in the ancient classical heritage. One of those was ‘The Periodical Essay’ and the other was ‘NOVEL’. Both of these forms, especially ‘novel’, caught the spirit of the eighteenth century as the age of intellectual, sentimental and realistic plane and tried to instruct the readers, which would help them to a more purposeful and virtuous life. 

Since the time of its origin, novel has been gaining popularity and growing gradually. Today, it is recognized as the most dominant literary genre. A novel is a relatively long narrative fiction which describes intimate human experiences normally in a prose form. The present English word ‘novel’ is derived from the Italian ‘novella’, meaning ‘new’. A novel narrates a story embellishing it with more details of time, place, nature, people and their minds, their gestures and activities. It creates the picture of the society of that time. Novel makes life easier to understand than in drama and poetry. In modern era novel has adopted literary prose. 

 The novel as a literary genre has a history of about two thousand years.Among the early precursors of novel a collection of tales known as Greek Romances dating from the second to sixth century may top the list. These imaginative and delightful stories of ideal love and marvellous adventures profoundly affected the creative writing for the next thousand years. 

Though novel in the modern era usually makes use of a literary prose the earlier threads of the genre can be found in Virgil’s Ecologues or Malory’s ‘Morte De Arthur’ or Geoffrey Chaucer’s ‘The Canterbury Tales’. Murasaki Shikibu’s ‘Tale of Genji’ (1010) has been described as the world’s first novel. The European novel is often said to begin with ‘Don Quixote’ by Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes which was published in two parts between 1605 and1615.

In the 18th century, the appearance of newspaper and magazines attracted a large number of readers from the middle class. These new readers had little interest in romances and tragedies, which were appreciated by the upper class. Thus, need for a new type of literature arose that would express the new ideas of the 18th century. The 18th century new literature was characterized by the spirit of realism and denial of romantic features like enthusiasm, passion and imagination. The foreground for the novel was prepared by all these factors. After 1740, novel originated as the literary form in England.

 Increase in trade and commerce, along with the Industrial Revolution, had given rise to the middle class. A class of people had emerged to occupy an elite status. The realistic picture of everyday life and problems of common people depicted in the novels appealed to the newly educated class and was regarded by them as respectable reading material.

Thus, novel as a form appears to have been designed for both to voice the aspirations of the middle and lower classes and meet their longings. The spread of machines could provide a time to the educated middle class for reading and discussions about the books. Drama and poetry were the two literary forms that were fading away. Novel was a combination of some features of them and some new features were added to the form. It was the prominent form in the eighteenth century and onwards to encompass the social, political and cultural happenings and scientific progress. 

‘The Pilgrim’s Progress’ by John Bunyan (1678) and ‘Oroonoku’ by Aphra Behn (1688) initiated the plenteous and colourful tradition of English novel and was followed by Daniel Defoe ( Robinson Crusoe, Mall Flanders), and Jonathan Swift (‘Gulliver’s Travels’ - a famous satire). Other major novelists of 18th century are Samuel Richardson, (‘Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded’ and ‘Clarissa,’ both epistolary novels), Henry Fielding, Lawrence Sterne and Tobias Smollett. 

The tradition was enriched by many other stalwart novelists such as Charles Dickens, Walter Scott, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Horace Walpole, Thomas Hardy, Willkie Collins and H.G. Wells. The 20th century is marked by the modern topics and innovative styles and techniques and widened angles of the views by the novelists like E.M. Forster, James Joyce, Joseph Conrad, Henry James, George Orwell, Graham Greene, D.H. Lawrence, William Golding and Anthony Burgess.

 They widened the circumference of the genre by writing political, social, psychological and other modern issues in their novels. There are immigrant authors like Salman Rushdie (India), V.S. Naipaul (Trinidad), Kazuo Ishigura (Japan) and many others. The contribution of women novelists to this great pageant cannot be neglected. The novel of manners ‘Evelina’ by Frances Burney, Gothic novels by Ann Radcliffe, a novel based on Science of the age ‘Frankenstein’ by Mary Shelley are landmark novels. 

Jane Austen has been ruling over the minds of the people through her novels. Bronte sisters Emily and Charlotte have created their own place by their incomparable works ‘The Wuthering Heights’ and ‘Jane Eyre’. Mary Ann Evans alias George Eliot wrote the novels reflecting psychological insight. Virginia Woolf is the pioneer of the Stream of Consciousness technique in English novel. Agatha Christie created her own place by writing many novels based on crime. Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple are the evergreen detectives created by her.Harper Lee, Margaret Atwood, Toni Morrison and Alice Walker have elevated the tradition further to prosperity. Indian Scenario : ‘Rajmohan’s Wife’, by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya serialized in ‘The Indian Field’ was the first novel in English written by an Indian. 

The period after that is marked by few more novels written by the Indian writers. These novels bore either nationalistic virtues or social issues as their main framework. Mulkraj Anand, R.K. Narayan and Raja Rao were the major trio who prevailed in the period after that. Novelists like Anita Desai, Nayantara Sahgal and Arun Joshi and Manohar Malgaonkar changed the current of Indian English novel through their works. Amitav Ghosh, Vikram Seth and Upamanyu Chatterjee ameliorated the Indian novel in English by adding new features to it. 

Recent years have witnessed the dazzling performance by Indian novelists like Salman Rushsie, Arvind Adiga, Arundhati Roy, Kiran Desai and Kiran Nagarkar. The tradition of Indian 

English novel has undergone a vital change since its birth and it has undoubtedly very bright future. Novella : 
• A Novella, the word originated from the Italian word ‘novelle’, is a type of prose fiction which is shorter than a full length novel and longer than short stories. It is a well-stuctured yet short narrative, often satiric or realistic in tone. It usually focuses on one incident or issue with one or two main characters and takes place at a single tradition. Some of the famous novellas in English are - 

• ‘The Heart of Darkness’ by Joseph Conrad 

• ‘The Turn of the Screw’ by Henry James 

• ‘Billy Budd’ by Hermann Melville 

• ‘Death in Venice’ by Thomas Mann 

• ‘Seize The Day’ by Saul Bellow 

• ‘Pearl’ by John Steinbeck Elements of Novel/ Novella There are six elements essential of ‘Novel’ or “Novella’. All these factors may be related to one another in the work by an author. Theme : Theme is the central idea in the novel which can be expressed in a nutshell. It is a philosophical statement or a truth which the writer has put forth through the narration of the series of events in the story and characters acting in the particular setting.

 Plot : Plot is essentially the story or the course of events that make up the theme. It is created by the conflict either internal (inside the mind of the character) or external (with other characters or entities). Plot may be simple (one plot) or complex (consisting the interweaving of many subplots).

Character : Characterization is related to the plot as the course of events take place because of the certain behaviour of the characters. Depiction of character can range from a thumbnail sketch to deep, wordy, highly detailed verbal sketch. The important character may have been described in its every aspect by the writer. The minor characters are not given much importance. The reader follows the actions of one main character throughout the novel. This character is referred to as the ‘protagonist’. Protagonist (main character) is in conflict with a character or an entity or a force (internal or external) which is known as antagonist. Setting : Setting is the background in which the story takes place. There are several aspects of the setting. 

It includes place, period, time, climate or weather and lifestyle. Plot and character are the two major elements that are affected due to setting. Conflict : The struggle between the opposite forces in the story is called ‘conflict.’ Conflict in the story provides interest and curiosity about the plot. Language / Style : The language and the techniques used by the author for the narration of the course of events is known as the ‘style’. An author can use extensive vocabulary and high phrases or he may be laconic and would write only to the point or he may mix both according to the requirement for meeting his purpose. He may use linguistic devices to make the narrative effective. All these factors decide the ‘texture’ of the narration and create an impact on the readers.

Types of Novel Realistic novel : The realistic novel is a fiction that gives the effect of realism. Sometimes this is also called a novel of manner. It can be characterized by its complex characters with mixed motives that are rooted in the social class. The characters in the realistic novel interact with other characters and undergo plausible and everyday experiences. Picaresque novel : The word ‘picaresque’ is originated from the Spanish word ‘picaro,’ which means a rogue. 

A picaresque novel narrates the adventures of the protagonist, who is an eccentric or a disreputable person, in an episodic form. Historical novel : A historical novel is a novel set in a period earlier than that of the writing. Epistolary novel : The word ‘epistolary’ derives from the Latin word ‘epistola,’ which means a letter. The epistolary novel is that in which the writer presents the narrative through a series of correspondence or other documents. Although letters are the most common basis for epistolary novel, diary entries are also a popular form of this type.

 Gothic novel : The novels that include terror, mystery, horror, thriller, supernatural, doom, death or decay or haunted buildings are called The Gothic novels. Autobiographical novel : The autobiographical novel is the novel based on the life of the author. However, the author changes the places and names of characters or even may change or avoid certain details of his life. It may or may not be in the first person narration. Allegorical novel : An allegory is a story that bears more than one level of meaning. The surface meaning of such novel is different from the symbolic meaning of it. The symbolic meaning of an allegory may be political, religious, historical or philosophical. 

Utopian/ Dystopian novel : Utopia is an imaginary community or society possessing the ideal qualities. It is a common literary theme, especially in science fiction or speculative fiction. Psychological novel : Psychological novel is the work of fiction that treats the internal life of the protagonist or even the other characters as much as the external factors. Stream of Consciousness novel : Stream of consciousness is a phrase coined by William James in his treatise ‘Principles of Psychology.’ 

(1890). It means the flow of the thoughts. Incidents in the plot are in the sequence of their occurrences. The novelist narrates them as they enter the mind of the character. ‘Bildungsroman’ novel : The German word ‘bildungsroman’ indicates growth. The fictional biography or autobiography is concerned with the growth of the protagonist’s mind, spirit and characters from their childhood to adulthood. In the first half of the 20th century a cult of ‘pulp magazines’ became popular in which fantastic fiction for the general entertainment of the masses was printed on the cheap pulp paper. 

The pulp fiction era provided a building ground for the detective novels and science fiction. Science fiction is a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative concepts such as futuristic setting, futuristic science and technology, space travel, time travel, parallel universes and extraterrestrial life. Science fiction often explores the potential consequences of scientific and other innovations. ‘Frankenstein’ by Mary Shelly (1823) is considered the first novel  based on science and technology. The genre flourished in the second half of the 19th century. 

Detective fiction is a subgenre of crime fiction and mystery fiction in which an investigator or a detective-either professional or amateur-investigates a crime, often a murder. * 

History Of Novel 12th Class Question Answer | History of novel 12th exercise

  • Balbharti Yuvakbharati English 12th Digest Chapter 4.1 History of Novel Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Question -s and Answers.
  • Maharashtra State Board Class 12 English Yuvakbharati Solutions Chapter 4.1 History of Novel
  • 12th English Digest Chapter 4.1 History of Novel Textbook Question -s and Answers
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History Of Novel 12th Class Question Answer | History of novel 12th exercise

12th English Digest 2021-2022 Section 1 (Prose)

Chapter 1.1 An Astrologer’s Day
Chapter 1.2 On Saying “Please”
Chapter 1.3 The Cop and the Anthem
Chapter 1.4 Big Data-Big Insights
Chapter 1.5 The New Dress
Chapter 1.6 Into the Wild
Chapter 1.7 Why We Travel
Chapter 1.8 Voyaging Towards Excellence

English Yuvakbharati 12th Full Digest Section 2 (Poetry)

Chapter 2.1 Song of the Open Road
Chapter 2.2 Indian Weavers
Chapter 2.3 The Inchcape Rock
Chapter 2.4 Have you Earned Your Tomorrow
Chapter 2.5 Father Returning Home
Chapter 2.6 Money
Chapter 2.7 She Walks in Beauty
Chapter 2.8 Small Towns and Rivers

Yuvakbharati English 12th Digest Guide Section 3 (Writing Skills)

Chapter 3.1 Summary Writing
Chapter 3.2 Do Schools Really Kill Creativity? (Mind-Mapping)
Chapter 3.3 Note–Making
Chapter 3.4 Statement of Purpose
Chapter 3.5 Drafting a Virtual Message
Chapter 3.6 Group Discussion

Yuvakbharati English 12th Textbook Answers Solutions Section 4 (Genre-Drama)

Chapter 4.1 History of Novel
Chapter 4.2 To Sir, with Love
Chapter 4.3 Around the World in Eighty Days
Chapter 4.4 The Sign of Four


Appreciation Of Poem 12th Standard | 12th english all poem appreciation pdf
2.1 Song of the Open Road
2.2 Indian Weavers
2.3 The Inchcape Rock
2.4 Have you Earned your Tomorrow
2.5 Father Returning Home
2.6 Money
2.7 She Walks in Beauty
2.8 Small Towns and Rivers

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