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Summary Writing In English Class 12 pdf | Summary writing examples with answers

Summary Writing In English Class 12 pdf | Summary writing examples with answers

Summary Writing In English Class 12 pdf | Summary writing examples with answers

Discuss in pairs and guess the correct alternative for the following:

Question - 1. To summarize means …………… .

[a] Put information in chronological order.
[b] To recapitulate the main points in selection
[c] To introduce new information
[d] To write one’s opinion about selection
Solutions :
[b] To recapitulate the main points in selection

Question - 2. The type of summary that consists of a paragraph to express the main idea is …………… .

[a] Outline
[b] Report
[c] Synopsis
[d] Written summary
Solutions :
[d] Written summary

Question - 3. There are various ways of incorporating other writers’ works into your own writing. They differ according to the closeness of your writing to the source writing. Match the ways of writing in brief given in column [A] with their descriptions in column [B]:

Solutions :
Summarizing – [e] It includes main ideas into one’s own words.
Paraphrasing – [f] It must be identical to the original and match the document word by word.
Precis writing – [d] It includes taking broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.
Quoting – [a] It includes not just the main idea but every detail expressed clearly and to the point.
Editing – [b] It includes selection of proper lines from the given text for correction, condensation and organization.
Gist writing – [c] It includes the most essential part or the crux of the matter.


[A1] - Summary writing examples with answers

Question - 1. Complete the following as instructed:

Read the passage and write its summary according to the given steps:
Solutions :
Use the following steps for summary writing:
Step 1: Read the article twice.
Step 2: The purpose of writing – To tell the reader about the interesting communication methods among birds and mammals.
Step 3: Identify the main idea – Surprising examples of communication methods among birds and mammals.
Steps 4 and 5: Write the first draft: Revise your first draft and edit it.
[Students may attempt this on their own.]
Step 5: Write the final draft [Given overleaf.]

[A2] Summary writing examples with answers

[ii] Avoid adverbs: Delete the adverbs in italics and rewrite:


Question - [a] “That’s usually a good thing to do.”
Solutions :
“That’s a good thing to do.”

Question - [b] “That’s fairly good coffee.”
Solutions :
“That’s good coffee.”

Question - [c] “I totally agree.”
Solutions :
“I agree.”

Question - [d] “Actually I disagree.”
Solutions :
“I disagree.”

Question - [iii] One word substitution:
Find examples similar to those given in the textbook and make a list:
Solutions :
  • friendly relationship in which people understand well : rapport [pronounced as ‘rappo’]
  • able to cause death: fatal
  • seize by way of penalty: confiscate
  • someone who goes into buildings in order to steal: burglar
  • the principal character in a play or a story: protagonist
  • the path described by an object moving in air: trajectory
  • a person regarded as a symbol: icon
  • a person who knows many languages: polyglot
  • a badly behaved child: brat
  • a period of ten years: decade
  • a persistent increase in the general level of prices: inflation
  • organisation of supplies and services for any, complex operation : logistics
  • extremely careful about details: meticulous
  • not harmful or offensive: innocuous
  • present, appearing or found everywhere: ubiquitous

[ii] Change the following sentences into simple:

Question - [a] Mr. Rohit is the member and he is also the director.

Solutions :
Mr. Rohit is the member and also the director.

Question - [b] The room is so small that it cannot accommodate many people.

Solutions :
The room is too small to accommodate many people.

Question - [c] You have to prove that you are innocent.

Solutions :
You have to prove your innocence.

Question - [d] He was late so he walked in a great hurry.

Solutions :
Being late, he walked in a great hurry.

[A4] Summary writing examples with answers

Question - [i] Read any book of your choice and write its summary according to the steps explained in the chapter.

Question - [ii] Find some professions that require the skill of summary writing and editing. Write them in your notebook.

Question - [i] Cut redundant words:

Write five examples of redundant words:
Solutions :
  • puzzling mystery = ‘mystery’
  • connect together = ‘connect’
  • divide into two equal halves = ‘divide into halves
  • surrounded on all sides = ‘surrounded’
  • return back = ‘return’

Summary Writing In English Class 12 pdf | Summary writing examples with answers

‘Brevity is the soul of wit’ is one of the countless maxims coined by William Shakespeare. It is relevant to speaking as well as writing. Brevity or Concision is the cutting out of unnecessary words while conveying an idea. It aims to enhance communication by eliminating redundancy without omitting important information. Summary Writing is one of its kind that has been described as one of the elementary principles of writing. 

To speak what is required and to write what is necessary is a requisite towards the development of language skills. It is important to be brief in written expression. To express in brief the main points of a written record, is the summary writing skill and that can be developed by practice.

 Summarising has a definite purpose. The purpose of a summary is to give the reader a clear, objective picture of the original text. Most importantly, the summary restates only the main points of a text or a lecture without giving examples or details, such as dates, numbers or statistics.

DOs of Summary Writing

• Read and re-read the passage.
• Understand.
• Read the instructions.
• Find exactly what you need to summarise.
• Identify the main idea through the process of asking questions.
• Form short sentences on your own.
• Connect the sentences using linkers.
• Remove redundant words and sentences from the key sentences.
• Omit details.
• Avoid your own interpretation.

As an example let us take an article for summary. Learning Disability (LD) is an umbrella term for a wide variety of learning problems. Children with learning disorder might be labelled as ‘slow learners’ but they are as smart as everyone else. They just need to be taught in proper environment conducive to their learning speed and level.

 Observations of a child over a period of time by parents  at home and teachers in school can provide valuable information about the way a child is able to learn and function in all the ways that he should be able to, at his age and level. There may be certain apparent problems while reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning and dealing with Maths. Once these problems are identified it is time for proper investigation.

 It is important in order to clarify specific learning disorders and also rule out any other issue affecting the student’s educational progress. Investigations may reveal various types of disorders like Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia, specific reading disability, Auditory Processing Disorder (APD), ADHD etc. Auditory Processing Disorder, also known as ‘Central Auditory Processing Disorder’, is a condition that affects the sound that travels unimpeded through the ear, is processed or interpreted by the brain. Individuals with APD do not recognize subtle differences between sounds and words.

 Dyscalculia is a condition that affects a person’s ability to understand numbers and learn math-signs and symbols while Dysgraphia affects a person’s handwriting abilities and fine motor skills. Dyslexia is a learning disorder affecting reading and language-based processing skills like reading fluency, decoding, recall, writing and sometimes even speech. Many aspects of speaking, listening, reading, writing, and arithmetic overlap and build on the same brain capabilities. 

It is not surprising that people can be diagnosed with more than one learning disability. For example, the ability to understand language underlies learning to speak. Therefore, any disorder that hinders the ability to understand language will also interfere with the development of speech, which in turn hinders learning to read and write. ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) includes difficulty in staying focused and paying attention, restlessness and difficulty in controlling behaviour. 

There are many other learning disabilities that can be identified in the normal classrooms at school level. Such problems can be solved to a great extent using various methods and treatments if diagnosed at an early stage. Inclusion in education is one of the ways to solve the problem of children with learning disorder. In a mixed ability classroom, with effective teaching methods and conducive environment, a child with learning disability can progress in not only education but also social interactions. Implementation of inclusive classrooms may vary but the purpose will be achieved.

 Unfortunately, our country is less open to Inclusive Learning for Children with LD. Unless handled efficiently, these disorders often transform to condition like anxiety and depression. Parents, teachers, educators and other stakeholders must insist on the need to uplift children with LD. These children need to be handled carefully in their own space. They need love, encouragement and moral support so that they can emerge with great self-confidence, self-worth and determination.

Use the following steps for Summary Writing.

Step 1: Read the article twice.
Step 2: Ask questions about the purpose of writing.
Step 3: Identify the main idea.
Step 4: Write the first draft.
Step 5: Revise your first draft and edit it.
Step 6: Write the final draft.

Summary Learning Disability:

 Handle with care Learning disability is an umbrella term for many learning problems like reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, maths and other physical and motor difficulties. These problems need to be identified and investigated. A child can be diagnosed with more than one learning disability like dyslexia, dysgraphia, auditory processing disorder etc.

 Such disorders can be dealt with using various methods, in a regular classroom. One of the ways is inclusion. Implementation of inclusion may vary but it has a positive effect on the learning disabled. Though the idea of inclusion in not popular in our country, it can prove useful to handle such children. Along with the methods and techniques the children also need encouragement and moral support to progress with self confidence and determination.

Summary Writing In English Class 12 pdf | Summary writing examples with answers

  • Balbharti Yuvakbharati English 12th Digest Chapter 3.1 Summary Writing Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Question -s and Answers.
  • Maharashtra State Board Class 12 English Yuvakbharati Solutions Chapter 3.1 Summary Writing
  • 12th English Digest Chapter 3.1 Summary Writing Textbook Question -s and Answers
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Summary Writing In English Class 12 pdf | Summary writing examples with answers

12th English Digest 2021-2022 Section 1 (Prose)

Chapter 1.1 An Astrologer’s Day
Chapter 1.2 On Saying “Please”
Chapter 1.3 The Cop and the Anthem
Chapter 1.4 Big Data-Big Insights
Chapter 1.5 The New Dress
Chapter 1.6 Into the Wild
Chapter 1.7 Why We Travel
Chapter 1.8 Voyaging Towards Excellence

English Yuvakbharati 12th Full Digest Section 2 (Poetry)

Chapter 2.1 Song of the Open Road
Chapter 2.2 Indian Weavers
Chapter 2.3 The Inchcape Rock
Chapter 2.4 Have you Earned Your Tomorrow
Chapter 2.5 Father Returning Home
Chapter 2.6 Money
Chapter 2.7 She Walks in Beauty
Chapter 2.8 Small Towns and Rivers

Yuvakbharati English 12th Digest Guide Section 3 (Writing Skills)

Chapter 3.1 Summary Writing
Chapter 3.2 Do Schools Really Kill Creativity? (Mind-Mapping)
Chapter 3.3 Note–Making
Chapter 3.4 Statement of Purpose
Chapter 3.5 Drafting a Virtual Message
Chapter 3.6 Group Discussion

Yuvakbharati English 12th Textbook Answers Solutions Section 4 (Genre-Drama)

Chapter 4.1 History of Novel
Chapter 4.2 To Sir, with Love
Chapter 4.3 Around the World in Eighty Days
Chapter 4.4 The Sign of Four


Appreciation Of Poem 12th Standard | 12th english all poem appreciation pdf
2.1 Song of the Open Road
2.2 Indian Weavers
2.3 The Inchcape Rock
2.4 Have you Earned your Tomorrow
2.5 Father Returning Home
2.6 Money
2.7 She Walks in Beauty
2.8 Small Towns and Rivers

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